Risk

11/19/2009
02:12 PM
50%
50%

So Much Data, So Little Encryption

We surveyed almost 500 business technology professionals and found little end-to-end encryption use. Instead, we're doing only what auditors demand.

If you go solely by top-level stats on encryption use, you'll come away feeling pretty secure--86% of the the 499 business technology professionals responding to our InformationWeek Analytics State of Encryption Survey employ encryption of some type. But that finding doesn't begin to tell the real story. Only 14% of respondents say encryption is pervasive in their organizations. Database table-level encryption is in use by just 26%, while just 38% encrypt data on mobile devices. And 31%--more than any other response--characterize the extent of their use as just enough to meet regulatory requirements.

InformationWeek Reports

The reasons for this dismal state of affairs range from cost and integration challenges to entrenched organizational resistance exacerbated by a lack of leadership. The compliance focus is particularly galling. Encrypting a subset of data amounts to a "get-out-of-jail-free card" because it may relieve companies from having to notify customers of a breach. But knowingly doing the bare minimum to check a compliance box isn't security; it's a cop-out.

Admittedly, IT pros often face stiff resistance when they try to do more. "Our IT staff is working to increase the use of encryption, but frankly, users are more interested in quick and easy access to their data and don't really think about security," says one respondent. "The idea of getting data on a flash drive or laptop encrypted never enters the minds of most of the staff, from the director on down."

We say entrenched resistance because this isn't a new phenomenon--back in 2007, a Ponemon Institute survey found that just 16% of U.S. companies take an enterprise-wide approach to encryption. Network Computing examined the state of enterprise encryption at the time and found adoption to be a gradual process, often starting with backup tapes and spreading from there. A piecemeal approach was the norm then, and we're still moving in fits and starts, despite the momentum generated by compliance frameworks such as PCI, which requires encryption of credit card data in transit.

The Interoperability Factor

Part of the problem is that standards efforts have yielded exactly zero breakthroughs where we need them most--in interoperability, which would make encryption management easier and less expensive. We don't expect that situation to get better anytime soon.

When we asked IT pros what would increase their companies' use of encryption, responses ranged from built-in operating system support for creating encrypted files and folders (something Microsoft is working toward, as we'll discuss) to improved ease of use and performance, lower cost, and better key management. A few desperate souls wished for more regulation, or even a breach that would require notification of customers, to use as leverage for gaining funding and management buy-in.

"I'd like to think that it would only take the force of will to do the right thing," says a network director at an educational institution. "In reality, it would probably require a breach or exposure to shine the light on the problem."

Our favorite response: "I wish I knew so I could exploit it."

InformationWeek: November 21, 2009 Issue To read the rest of the article, download a free PDF of InformationWeek magazine
(registration required)

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Threaded  |  Newest First  |  Oldest First
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
Dark Reading Live EVENTS
INsecurity - For the Defenders of Enterprise Security
A Dark Reading Conference
While red team conferences focus primarily on new vulnerabilities and security researchers, INsecurity puts security execution, protection, and operations center stage. The primary speakers will be CISOs and leaders in security defense; the blue team will be the focus.
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Current Issue
Security Vulnerabilities: The Next Wave
Just when you thought it was safe, researchers have unveiled a new round of IT security flaws. Is your enterprise ready?
Flash Poll
[Strategic Security Report] How Enterprises Are Attacking the IT Security Problem
[Strategic Security Report] How Enterprises Are Attacking the IT Security Problem
Enterprises are spending more of their IT budgets on cybersecurity technology. How do your organization's security plans and strategies compare to what others are doing? Here's an in-depth look.
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2017-0290
Published: 2017-05-09
NScript in mpengine in Microsoft Malware Protection Engine with Engine Version before 1.1.13704.0, as used in Windows Defender and other products, allows remote attackers to execute arbitrary code or cause a denial of service (type confusion and application crash) via crafted JavaScript code within ...

CVE-2016-10369
Published: 2017-05-08
unixsocket.c in lxterminal through 0.3.0 insecurely uses /tmp for a socket file, allowing a local user to cause a denial of service (preventing terminal launch), or possibly have other impact (bypassing terminal access control).

CVE-2016-8202
Published: 2017-05-08
A privilege escalation vulnerability in Brocade Fibre Channel SAN products running Brocade Fabric OS (FOS) releases earlier than v7.4.1d and v8.0.1b could allow an authenticated attacker to elevate the privileges of user accounts accessing the system via command line interface. With affected version...

CVE-2016-8209
Published: 2017-05-08
Improper checks for unusual or exceptional conditions in Brocade NetIron 05.8.00 and later releases up to and including 06.1.00, when the Management Module is continuously scanned on port 22, may allow attackers to cause a denial of service (crash and reload) of the management module.

CVE-2017-0890
Published: 2017-05-08
Nextcloud Server before 11.0.3 is vulnerable to an inadequate escaping leading to a XSS vulnerability in the search module. To be exploitable a user has to write or paste malicious content into the search dialogue.