Risk
12/19/2010
08:42 PM
George V. Hulme
George V. Hulme
Commentary
Connect Directly
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

Security Design Fail

It's common for routers to enable an HTTPS interface so that the device can be remotely administered. However, as was made clear this weekend, many routers are secured with hard-coded SSL keys that can be extracted and used by others.

It's common for routers to enable an HTTPS interface so that the device can be remotely administered. However, as was made clear this weekend, many routers are secured with hard-coded SSL keys that can be extracted and used by others.That was the news posted to the /dev/ttyS0 blog today. The hard-coded SSL keys are found in many routers supported by DD-WRT, as well as routers from Cisco and Netgear.

From the /dev/ttyS0 blog post, Breaking SSL on Embedded Devices:

Here's where it gets fun: many of these devices use hard-coded SSL keys that are baked into the firmware. That means that if Alice and Bob are both using the same router with the same firmware version, then both of their routers have the same SSL keys. All Eve needs to do in order to decrypt their traffic is to download the firmware from the vendor's Web site and extract the SSL private key from the firmware image.

However, there are some practical limitations to this attack. If Eve doesn't know what router or firmware version Alice and Bob are using, it will be difficult to impossible for her to identify which firmware image to extract the SSL keys from. A good example of this is DD-WRT. There are several versions of DD-WRT available for each router supported by DD-WRT. And for each of those versions, there are several different "flavors": micro, standard, VPN, etc. Even if Eve knows that Alice and Bob are running DD-WRT, that's a lot of firmware images to work through. This becomes even more difficult when dealing with vendors whose firmware is not as standardized between releases.

That's where the LittleBlackBox project comes in. It contains a database of more than 2,000 private SSL keys that can be matched with the right hardware/firmware, and public certificates.

LittleBlackBox can be downloaded from here.

I'm not sure what admins or home users with affected routers are to do to protect themselves on this one, other than sloppy workarounds or find a different and unaffected router. I do know I'm quite tired of hard wired certificates and passwords embedded within devices.

For my security and technology observations throughout the day, find me on Twitter.

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Flash Poll
Current Issue
Cartoon
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2014-0640
Published: 2014-08-20
EMC RSA Archer GRC Platform 5.x before 5.5 SP1 allows remote authenticated users to bypass intended restrictions on resource access via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2014-0641
Published: 2014-08-20
Cross-site request forgery (CSRF) vulnerability in EMC RSA Archer GRC Platform 5.x before 5.5 SP1 allows remote attackers to hijack the authentication of arbitrary users.

CVE-2014-2505
Published: 2014-08-20
EMC RSA Archer GRC Platform 5.x before 5.5 SP1 allows remote attackers to trigger the download of arbitrary code, and consequently change the product's functionality, via unspecified vectors.

CVE-2014-2511
Published: 2014-08-20
Multiple cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerabilities in EMC Documentum WebTop before 6.7 SP1 P28 and 6.7 SP2 before P14 allow remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the (1) startat or (2) entryId parameter.

CVE-2014-2515
Published: 2014-08-20
EMC Documentum D2 3.1 before P24, 3.1SP1 before P02, 4.0 before P11, 4.1 before P16, and 4.2 before P05 does not properly restrict tickets provided by D2GetAdminTicketMethod and D2RefreshCacheMethod, which allows remote authenticated users to gain privileges via a request for a superuser ticket.

Best of the Web
Dark Reading Radio
Archived Dark Reading Radio
Three interviews on critical embedded systems and security, recorded at Black Hat 2014 in Las Vegas.