Attacks/Breaches
12/11/2012
11:05 PM
Connect Directly
Google+
Twitter
RSS
E-Mail
50%
50%

New Cyberespionage Attack Targets Russia

'Sanny' attacks feature Korea as possible home to command-and-control

China is often considered synonymous with cyberespionage, but what about Korea? A new targeted attack campaign with apparent Korean ties has been stealing email and Facebook credentials and other user-profile information from Russian telecommunications, IT, and space research organizations.

FireEye says the so-called "Sanny" attacks appear to indicate that Korea may be home to the command-and-control (C&C) and other communications for the malware. Researchers didn't specify whether it's either North or South Korea, but say that around 80 percent of the victims in the attacks are Russian organizations.

Ali Islam, security researcher for FireEye, says it's possible that Korea is being used as a proxy for the attack. But there are a few clues of a Korean connection: The SMTP email server and C&C servers are based in Korea; the "Batang" and KP CheongPong" fonts used in the lure documents are Korean; a Korean message board is used for the C&C; and the Yahoo email account used in the attacks, "jbaksanny," is connected to an empty Korean Wikipedia page created by a user named Jbaksan.

"We believe both countries [North and South Korea] have cyberattack capabilities. The attacker has done a great job of hiding his/herself by choosing a public forum as normally with APTs -- in contrast to normal malware [where] you don't need a long-lasting C&C," Islam says.

Specifically, the attackers are grabbing email user accounts and passwords from Outlook, as well as information about the victims' email server (POP3/IMAP). "Once you have that information, you have access to employees' emails even from outside, and that means a lot of official information," Islam says. "It also steals other accounts credentials, [such as] all user passwords stored by Firefox for auto login."

Victims are infected after opening infected documents purportedly about a meeting of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations. FireEye has spotted nearly 90 infected machines or IP addresses thus far.

"The malware exploits a Microsoft Word vulnerability, steals sensitive data, employs different kinds of obfuscation and encryption at different levels, and sends the data back to a public message board using HTTP POST, and SMTP as fallback," Islam says.

But what's most unique about this particular cyberespionage campaign is that it uses a public forum to collect the pilfered information, he says.

FireEye has posted a blog with screenshots on Sanny here.

Have a comment on this story? Please click "Add Your Comment" below. If you'd like to contact Dark Reading's editors directly, send us a message.

Kelly Jackson Higgins is Executive Editor at DarkReading.com. She is an award-winning veteran technology and business journalist with more than two decades of experience in reporting and editing for various publications, including Network Computing, Secure Enterprise ... View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Cartoon
Current Issue
Flash Poll
Video
Slideshows
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2014-3352
Published: 2014-08-30
Cisco Intelligent Automation for Cloud (aka Cisco Cloud Portal) 2008.3_SP9 and earlier does not properly consider whether a session is a problematic NULL session, which allows remote attackers to obtain sensitive information via crafted packets, related to an "iFrame vulnerability," aka Bug ID CSCuh...

CVE-2014-3908
Published: 2014-08-30
The Amazon.com Kindle application before 4.5.0 for Android does not verify X.509 certificates from SSL servers, which allows man-in-the-middle attackers to spoof servers and obtain sensitive information via a crafted certificate.

CVE-2010-5110
Published: 2014-08-29
DCTStream.cc in Poppler before 0.13.3 allows remote attackers to cause a denial of service (crash) via a crafted PDF file.

CVE-2012-1503
Published: 2014-08-29
Cross-site scripting (XSS) vulnerability in Six Apart (formerly Six Apart KK) Movable Type (MT) Pro 5.13 allows remote attackers to inject arbitrary web script or HTML via the comment section.

CVE-2013-5467
Published: 2014-08-29
Monitoring Agent for UNIX Logs 6.2.0 through FP03, 6.2.1 through FP04, 6.2.2 through FP09, and 6.2.3 through FP04 and Monitoring Server (ms) and Shared Libraries (ax) 6.2.0 through FP03, 6.2.1 through FP04, 6.2.2 through FP08, 6.2.3 through FP01, and 6.3.0 through FP01 in IBM Tivoli Monitoring (ITM)...

Best of the Web
Dark Reading Radio
Archived Dark Reading Radio
This episode of Dark Reading Radio looks at infosec security from the big enterprise POV with interviews featuring Ron Plesco, Cyber Investigations, Intelligence & Analytics at KPMG; and Chris Inglis & Chris Bell of Securonix.