Attacks/Breaches

9/10/2018
03:30 PM
50%
50%

GAO Says Equifax Missed Flaws, Intrusion in Massive Breach

A report from the Government Accountability Office details the issues found and opportunities missed in the huge 2017 Equifax data breach.

The 2017 Equifax breach involved at least 9,000 queries to 51 databases over a period of 76 days, according to a report on the attack issued by the Government Accountability Office (GAO). The report details the mechanisms used by the attackers to gain access and exfiltrate personal information of approximately 145 million individuals in the US, Canada, and the UK.

Attackers began scanning Equifax's systems for a vulnerability in Apache Struts within two days of the vulnerability's public disclosure. While they quickly found the flaw, Equifax's own systems not only failed to find the vulnerability, they failed to spot the intrusion for weeks following its initial success.

The attackers were careful to take data out of the databases in small chunks to avoid detection, using an outdated certificate in a dispute-resolution server to encrypt the exfiltrated data and avoid tripping packet-inspecting security components.

According to the report, there were a number of different issues at Equifax, each contributing to the possibility and severity of the breach. The security issues ranged from bad network architecture to a failure to establish limits on the number of database queries possible from a single address.

The report notes that Equifax has publicly reported that it has remediated all the issues associated with the breach. The company has not detailed those remediation steps, and the GAO has not independently verified or assessed the remediation.

For more, read here.

 

Black Hat Europe returns to London Dec 3-6 2018  with hands-on technical Trainings, cutting-edge Briefings, Arsenal open-source tool demonstrations, top-tier security solutions and service providers in the Business Hall. Click for information on the conference and to register.

Dark Reading's Quick Hits delivers a brief synopsis and summary of the significance of breaking news events. For more information from the original source of the news item, please follow the link provided in this article. View Full Bio

Comment  | 
Print  | 
More Insights
Comments
Newest First  |  Oldest First  |  Threaded View
jimmy04
50%
50%
jimmy04,
User Rank: Apprentice
9/13/2018 | 4:13:38 AM
Good one
You are doing an amazing job. 
Crowdsourced vs. Traditional Pen Testing
Alex Haynes, Chief Information Security Officer, CDL,  3/19/2019
BEC Scammer Pleads Guilty
Dark Reading Staff 3/20/2019
Register for Dark Reading Newsletters
White Papers
Video
Cartoon Contest
Current Issue
5 Emerging Cyber Threats to Watch for in 2019
Online attackers are constantly developing new, innovative ways to break into the enterprise. This Dark Reading Tech Digest gives an in-depth look at five emerging attack trends and exploits your security team should look out for, along with helpful recommendations on how you can prevent your organization from falling victim.
Flash Poll
The State of Cyber Security Incident Response
The State of Cyber Security Incident Response
Organizations are responding to new threats with new processes for detecting and mitigating them. Here's a look at how the discipline of incident response is evolving.
Twitter Feed
Dark Reading - Bug Report
Bug Report
Enterprise Vulnerabilities
From DHS/US-CERT's National Vulnerability Database
CVE-2019-7715
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-26
An issue was discovered in the Interpeak IPCOMShell TELNET server on Green Hills INTEGRITY RTOS 5.0.4. The main shell handler function uses the value of the environment variable ipcom.shell.greeting as the first argument to printf(). Setting this variable using the sysvar command results in a user-c...
CVE-2019-8981
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-26
tls1.c in Cameron Hamilton-Rich axTLS before 2.1.5 has a Buffer Overflow via a crafted sequence of TLS packets because the need_bytes value is mismanaged.
CVE-2019-10061
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-26
utils/find-opencv.js in node-opencv (aka OpenCV bindings for Node.js) prior to 6.1.0 is vulnerable to Command Injection. It does not validate user input allowing attackers to execute arbitrary commands.
CVE-2019-7711
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-26
An issue was discovered in the Interpeak IPCOMShell TELNET server on Green Hills INTEGRITY RTOS 5.0.4. The undocumented shell command "prompt" sets the (user controlled) shell's prompt value, which is used as a format string input to printf, resulting in an information leak of memory addre...
CVE-2019-7712
PUBLISHED: 2019-03-26
An issue was discovered in handler_ipcom_shell_pwd in the Interpeak IPCOMShell TELNET server on Green Hills INTEGRITY RTOS 5.0.4. When using the pwd command, the current working directory path is used as the first argument to printf() without a proper check. An attacker may thus forge a path contain...